romans 1:20 explained

romans 1:20 explained

The praising and thanksgiving exhaust the notion of the adoration, which they should have offered to God. If this was true of the pagan world then, how much more is it true of the world now? In the summer of 386, a young man wept in the backyard of a friend. The latter is the interpretation adopted by our translators, and appears to be the true meaning. above, Romans 1:4. εἰς τὸ may either express ‘purpose’ (Romans 8:29) or simple result (Romans 12:3): here generally taken of ‘purpose,’ in which case it must be connected with ἐφανέρωσεν above. (2) This accords with the design of the argument. The θειότης is the totality of that which God is as a Being possessed of divine attributes, as θεῖον, the collective sum of the divine realities. Since the creation of the world. She is more precious than rubies, and all the things that thou canst desire a… The fundamental assumption implied is that there must be a Maker—things could not make themselves, and man obviously did not make them. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". Through the ‘power’ men recognize the ‘divinity,’ which here means not the personal Deity, but the sum of the divine attributes. Romans 1:20. p. 73; Schoemann, a(454) Is. Hence, though the heathens can know God and be saved without the revealed Word, in the absence of the latter, they never would be able to recognize three Persons of the Trinity. Pind. The very abstract term θειότης (only here in N.T. Romans 3:1-20 Excuses and Fair Assessment - Free Basic Bible Studies reveal the sin in every individual through which they need to find salvation. . Their heart that had been rendered by the ἐματαιώθησαν unintelligent, incapable of discerning the true and right, became dark, completely deprived of the light of the divine ἀλήθεια that had come to them by the revelation of nature. Being understood - His perfections may be investigated, and comprehended by means of his works. God provides sufficient evidence of Himself to hold people accountable to revelation. But to us, under the full blaze of modern science, with our knowledge of the magnitude, and distances, and revolutions of the heavenly bodies, the proof of this power is much more grand and impressive. 1851. Romans 5:20), it must stand to it in the relation of that decree. Only here and Ephesians 2:10. so that, &c. = to the end (Greek. 14, 15, respecting the law written in the heart, comprise the whole of the revelation made to the heathen, after they had lost sight of the original promise to Adam of a deliverer, and the preaching of the righteousness of God by Noah; but in these ways God had never left Himself without a witness. This was the case with the Gentile world. Comp moreover on ἀσύνετος, Wisdom of Solomon 11:15; as also on the entire delineation of Gentile immorality, Romans 1:20 ff. This passage contributes in numerous ways to systematic theology. Read Introduction to Romans . Running, he cuts out some meat and satisfies his awful hunger by eating it blood-raw. There is no excuse, then, since no one can claim ignorance. (b) Because the more light they have, the greater the probability that they will walk in it and be saved. Esp. 1863-1878. Only here and Romans 2:1. The invisible things of him: the apostle tells us afterwards himself what he means by the invisible things of God, viz. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/romans-1.html. Romans 1:20, NASB: "For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse." He says exactly the reverse. The ποιήματα τοῦ θεοῦ, in this connection, are the things made by God, rather than the things done by him. 1999-2014. invisible. God has revealed the knowledge of himself to men, in order that they might be without excuse. “O, no, my son, I am not in a hurry.” “Well,” says Smith, “I will broil you some on the coals.” “O, no, I prefer it stewed. Romans 1:20 creation strength mind world almighty. He has explained Him. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". He showed his omnipotence; and gave, by that one great act, eternal demonstration that he was almighty; and we may survey the proof of that, as clearly as if we had seen the operation of his hand there. Godhead. It proves the truth that the supremacy, or supreme divinity of God, was exhibited in the works of creation, or that he was exalted above all creatures and things. — For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse. As he sat, he heard children playing a game and they called out to each other these words: “Take up and read! During a terrible wintry storm, when a great sleet everywhere covered the deep snow, the loud roar of whose breaking beneath the feet entirely disqualified him to get in gunshot of the wild animals on which they were all dependent for their daily food, day after day the young Englishman returns at nightfall from a laborious all-day walk over the ice fields, crushing beneath his feet and letting him down into the deep snow, weary and forlorn, faint with hunger and fatigue. The revelation of God by the light of nature the heathens neglected or misunderstood, and therefore are justly liable to condemnation. by the things that are made.—There is something of a play upon words here. ), Beza, Calvin (“in hoc ut”), Bengel and others. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse. cf. 2013. There is a play on the double meaning of ὁρᾶν as applied to sensual and mental vision, the transition to the second being marked by νοούμενα; cf. BibliographyDunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". Romans 1:20. And the expression here may denote that, as an historical fact, God "has been" "known" since the act of creation; or it may denote that he is known "by means of" the material universe which he has formed. "Have been clearly seen" is in the continuous tense. Only here and Judges 1:6 in N.T. By the invisible things of God, Theodoret says we are to understand creation, providence, and the divine judgments; Theophylact understands them to refer to his goodness, wisdom, power, and majesty. Romans 1:20 Context. Construe it with φανερόν ἐστιν [Romans 1:19. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/romans-1.html. Romans 10:21 "But to Israel. Without excuse; having no reason for disobeying him. "through the things that are made...that they may be without excuse"-this is a telling commentary about the person that can study the physical creation and yet still believe in evolution and or remain a atheist or agnostic. NIV For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse. Jesus was definitely God the Son. (Psalms 19:1-4; Acts 14:17), "Without excuse"-the unbeliever doesn"t have a leg to stand on. Those means were in the wisdom, power, and glory of the universe, by which they were surrounded. 17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith. We may add that Rückert holds the strange view, that θειότης, which could not properly be predicated of God, is only used here by Paul for want of another expression. The purpose of God to show mercy is not revealed but by the Spirit of God, who alone searcheth the deep things of God, Corinthians 2:10. Comp Erasmus (“ne quid haberent” etc. — The words in the original may either refer to the end intended, or to the actual result — either to those circumstances being designed to leave men without excuse, or to the fact that they are without excuse. Crit. He fires away and downs a fat heifer. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". — By the works of creation, and from those of a general providence, God can be fully recognized as the Creator of heaven and earth, and thence His natural attributes may be inferred. Isaiah 44:18; qu. Chrys. Its present exertion proves its eternal existence. Here, Colossians 1:15, Colossians 1:16, 1 Timothy 1:17. ii. Being a Spirit, He is exempted from all composition of parts, so that when the Apostle here ascribes to Him ‘invisible things’ in the plural, it must not be imagined that there is not in God a perfect unity. God is a spirit ( Jn 4:24) and that makes His attributes invisible. So I say may we take life somber in how we treat it, life. Its meaning cannot therefore be fixed by any parallel passages. so that they are without excuse—all their degeneracy being a voluntary departure from truth thus brightly revealed to the unsophisticated spirit. the connexion of πίστει and νοοῦμεν. Now he finds, to his surprise, that the old Indian, who had spent his life in savagedom, knew much more about the Lord, and his salvation, than he did. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/romans-1.html. 1685. κ. θειότης] A more precise definition of the previous τὰ ἀόρατα αὐτοῦ. οὐχ ὡς θεὸν ἐδόξασαν ἢ ηὐχαρ.] This is true of all the people in the world, whether heathen, Moslem, Papist or Protestant (John 1:9 and Titus 2:11). Invisible things of Him — God is invisible in Himself, for He is a Spirit, elevated beyond the reach of all our senses. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". The ΄αταιότης is a specific attribute of heathenism. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". "Family Bible New Testament". Things that are made - By his works; compare Hebrews 11:3. BibliographyHodge, Charles. 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; 19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. Ecclesiastes 3:11; Ecclesiastes 7:13, al(449)), is the formal expression for God’s works of creation; as also Paul himself, in Ephesians 2:10, describes the renewing of man as analogous to creation. ‘The perfections of God, being understood by his works, are seen, so that men are without excuse.' BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". Equally clear is the proof that this power must have been eternal. The fact of their knowing God, is manifest in, or among them].— ἀναπολογήτους, without excuse). For what makes man totally inexcusable is that ‘the things that are made’ reveal to the open mind the invisible things of God (His goodness, wisdom, power, majesty, creativity, providential care) and have done so from the beginning. Cf. The view, which interprets it of the result, hesitates to admit the conception of a divine decree, under which Paul places the inexcusableness of men; and yet not only may this stand to the perception of God from His works which has existed since the beginning in the relation of result, but, in accordance with the thoroughly Scriptural idea of destiny (comp e.g. order was the first argument addressed to Jews. καθορᾶται = are brought within the range of vision. Even his eternal power and Godhead , [ theiotees (Greek #2305)]. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/romans-1.html. Romans 1:20 f. τὰ γὰρ ἀόρατα.… θειότης] Giving a reason for, and explaining, the previous ὁ θεὸς γὰρ αὐτοῖς ἐφανέρωσε. Ever since Creation, enough evidence has been present to prevent anyone from worshiping lifeless images. St. Paul does not go into the questions that have been raised in recent times as to the other qualities which are to be inferred as existing in the Author of nature; but he sums them up under a name that might be used as well by a Pagan philosopher as by a Christian—the attributes included in the one term “Godhead.” Divinity would be, perhaps, a more correct translation of the expression. γνόντες] not: cum agnoscere potuissent (Flatt, Nielsen; also as early as Oecumenius); nor yet: although they knew God, so that it would be contemporaneous with οὐχ.… ἐδόξασαν. The heavens and the earth prove the deity of their Author. It is therefore to be particularly observed that, while, in the next chapter, where the Apostle proceeds to prove that the Jews are also without excuse, he urges that the forbearance, and long-suffering, and goodness of God, in the revelation of grace, led them to repentance, he says nothing similar respecting the heathens. See Fritzsche's note in defense of the intensive import of kata (Greek #2596) here, denied by Alford], There is here an incomparable oxymoron (says Bengel), or a bold, paradoxical play of words; the unseen things of God are clearly seen, and surely (he adds), if anywhere, it is in creation that these invisibilities of God become visible to human intelligence. It does not exclude the immanence of God in the world, but it excludes all pantheism. being understood, in an intellectual way, by the discursive faculty of the understanding. Greek. In comparison, note the frequency of other words used in Romans: law (72), Christ (65), sin (48), Lord (43), and faith (40). 21 because, . https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/romans-1.html. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". The invisible things of God from the creation of the world are clearly seen, &c. The invisible things of God are clearly seen from the creation, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, ἀγνωμονήσαντες δὲ πάσης ἑαυτοὺς ἀπεστέρησαν ἀπολογίας, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians, ἥ τε ἀΐ́διος αὐτοῦ δύναμις καὶ θειότης, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. It’s text, from the book of Proverbs, may stand as the most fitting testimony to Darwin’s greatness: ‘Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, and getteth understanding. Comp on Ephesians 1:18 ; Delitzsch, p. 250. The καθορᾶται forms with ἀόρατα a striking oxymoron, in which the compound selected for that purpose, but not elsewhere occurring in the N. T., heightens still further the idea conveyed by the simple form. Illustrations are sometimes furnished by single words, as γλυκύπικρος bittersweet; θρασύδειλος a bold coward. Romans 1:20 For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, {even} his everlasting power and divinity; that they may be without excuse: "Invisible things of him" -"invisible attributes" (TCNT). There are works; therefore there is a creation; therefore there is a Creator.— νοούμενα) Those alone, who use their understanding, νῷ, καθορῶσι, look closely into a subject.— καθορᾶται, are seen) for the works [which proceed from the invisible attributes of God] are discerned. Surely nothing is more absurd than that people should be ignorant of their Author, especially people who have been given understanding principally for this use. Romans 1:20 KJV. Greek. The latter is Godhead; the former, divinity, a collective term for all the divine perfections. "The Bible Study New Testament". These words are, by Griesbach, Knapp, and others, made to depend on the last clause of Romans 1:19; and then the interpretation of Beza and the elder Calvinists would be the most natural. Because it might be further objected in behalf of the Gentiles, that the notions of God imprinted in their nature are so weak, that they may be well excused; therefore the apostle adds, that the certainty of them is further confirmed by the book of the creatures, which was written before them in capital letters, so that he that runs may read. Acts 14:15 f., Acts 17:22 f. The argument from the natural order was the first argument addressed to Gentiles, as the argument from the O.T. Comp Ephesians 4:18; Ephesians 1:18. His eternal power - Here are two things implied. This placed all men under a positive obligation of obedience to God. American Tract Society. What is meant is “divine nature,” rather than “divine personality.”. The antithesis is, ἐσκοτίσθη [Romans 1:21], was darkened.— ἥτε— καὶ) These words stand in apposition with ἀόρατα.— ἀΐδιος κ. τ. λ., eternal, etc.) God's power was called forth at the creation. by the things that are made. Some of His attributes, as explained afterwards. Take up and read!”b. “The unseen is seen—discerned by the eye of the mind—being inferred or perceived by the help of that which is made,” i.e., as we should say, by the phenomena of external nature. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. Amen. Browse Sermons on Romans 1:20-21. This is all that the argument of the apostle demands, and, of course, on this principle the expression is to be interpreted. ἀΐδιος. So that they are without excuse . For the same reason we keep on preaching to people in gospel lands, not because they can not be saved without it, but because they will not. The great majority prefer the latter, which is obviously the better suited to the context, because the works of God are expressed afterwards by ποιήματα and because the invisible things are those which are manifested by his works, and are explained by the terms "power and Godhead." 1897. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. (1) that the universe contains an exhibition of his power, or a display of that attribute which we call "omnipotence;" and. Psychol, p. 346. 1871-8. There are many important words in the vocabulary of Romans we must understand. In the contemplation of the heavens and the earth, every one must be convinced that the power which called them into existence is eternal. 20. Two are mentioned, "everlasting power and divine nature". John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, from the creation of the world are clearly seen, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, hē te aidios autou dunamis kai theiotēs, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. p. 450. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. The truth was not to their taste. For in combination with man’s spiritual nature they make known His eternal power and Godhead. "William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament". Romans 1:20 f. Τὰ γὰρ ἀόρατα.… θειότης] Giving a reason for, and explaining, the previous ὁ Θεὸς γὰρ αὐτοῖς ἐφανέρωσε. St. John Chrysostom, hom. N. A.V. καρδία, like לֵב, denotes the whole internal seat of life, the power which embraces all the activity of reason and will within the personal consciousness. 1874-1909. θεότης, from θεός, on the other hand, expresses the being, rather than the excellence of God. It is only of the works of creation that the Apostle could assert what he here says, especially as he adds ἀπὸ κτίσεως κόσμου. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". They had attained the knowledge from the revelation of nature (for to this, according to Romans 1:19-20, we must refer it, and not, with Rückert, to the history in Genesis of the original revelation), but only actu directo, so far as that same self-manifestation of God had presented itself objectively to their cognition; the actus reflexus remained absent (comp Delitzsch, p. 347), and with them who keep down the truth ἐν ἀδικίᾳ, Romans 1:18, the issue was not to the praise of God, etc. ἐν τοῖς διαλ. The syllable head in Godhead is the same as hood in manhood, so that the word signifies divinity. Bible Language English. katkorao. Romans deals with many different themes but as much as a book can be, it is a book about God. BibliographySchaff, Philip. p. 43 B.; Schaefer, Poet. 1832. The creation rev… "Sit haec distinctio," says Calvin, "demonstratio Dei, qua gloriam suam in creaturis perspicuam facit, esse, quantum ad lucem suam, satis evidentem; quantum ad nostram caecitatem, non adeo sufficere. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". I mention this to demonstrate a case of a heathen who was intelligently saved, walking with God and bearing the fruits of the Spirit. (d) You do not see God, and yet you acknowledge him as God by his works; Cicero. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. Οὐ γὰρ ἵνα αὐτοὺς ἀπολογίας ἀποστερήση διδασκαλίαν τοσαύτην εἰς μέσον προὔθηκεν ἀλλ ἵνα αὐτὸν ἐπιγνῶσιν. In this connection, which inserts the results in the divine counsel, the inexcusableness of man appears as telically given with the self-manifestation of God. Two things are thus said to be clearly discovered so the reflecting intelligence by the things which are made-First, That there is an Eternal Power; and, Secondly, That this is neither a blind physical 'Force' nor a pantheistic 'spirit of nature,' but a living, conscious Divine Person, whose outgoing energy is beheld in the external universe. a. They have no defence as against GOD. Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. 20. The untutored savage in his primeval wilds sees God in the clouds and hears him in the winds: “Whose soul proud science never taught to stray, Far as the solar walk, the milky way.”. — The Apostle here only specifies God’s eternal power and Godhead, marking His eternal power as the first object which discovers itself in the works of creation, and in the government of the world; and afterwards denoting, by His Godhead, the other attributes essential to Him as Creator. ἀΐδιος, everlasting, belongs to both substantives; but καί annexes the general term, the category, of which the δύνα΄ις is a species. It is not to state an historical fact, but to show that they had the means of knowing their duty within their reach, and were without excuse. Observe further how completely, in our passage, the transcendental relation of God to the world—the negation of all identity of the two—lies at the foundation of the Apostle’s view. ii. has its logically correct reference to the immediately preceding τὰ γὰρ ἀόρατα.… θειότης, and therefore the parenthesis, in which Griesbach and others have placed τὰ γὰρ ἀόρ.… θειότης, must be expunged. The truth of the pagan world then, it was necessary that the Holy spirit should offered. Mean `` since, '' or it may denote `` by means of His divine quality, comp on 1:18... Psalms 19:1-4 ; Acts 14:17 ), Melancthon ( “ in hoc ut ”,. 454 ) is out of the Apostle ’ s attributes, for which were. In Umbreit been present to prevent anyone from worshiping lifeless images we must.! The universe, by which we may arrive at the creation of the book of Wisdom are two implied. Works, are power and goodness in the displays of His power is seen to be communicated to our,! 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Are without excuse.—They could not plead ignorance αὐτοῦ δύναμις καὶ θειότης, under.

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